The Orissa Forest Act, 1972
An Act to consolidate and amend the laws relating to the protection and management of forests in the State
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Orissa in the Twenty third year of the Republic of India as follows:
1. Statement of Objects and Reasons- There are now two Forest Acts in application in the State of Orissa i.e. the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and the Madras Forest Act, 1882. Except for the District of Koraput, Ganjam and part of Phulbani districts (Baliguda and G.Udayagiri Taluks) where the Madras Forest Act, 1882 is in force, the rest of the area is covered by the Indian Forest Act, 1927. The existence of two Acts quite often creates confusion and also administrative difficulty. The existence of two Acts imposed an extra strain on the Government machinery with no commensurate advantage and this could be avoided by one unified Act. The necessity for a unified Forest Act was felt quite early and in pursuance of that, a Bill was introduced in the State Legislative Assembly in the year 1942. But for reasons unknown this was dropped. The necessity for such an Act has been commended by the Forest Enquiry Committee of Orissa in its report in 1959.
2. Further, a Sub- Committee of the Central Board of Forestry had recommended amendment of certain clauses giving the development of forests and the interest of forest production a paramount consideration. There are a number of other States like Kerala, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, etc. which have already enacted independent Forest Acts and we have had the advantage of talking the best part of those Acts while unifying our law. The experience in other States as well as the experience in the management of forests in this State has been taken into consideration to bring the law up-to-date. Generally the sequence followed is of the Indian Forest Act though this Bill has freely drawn from the Madras Forest Act and other existing State Forest Acts for convenience.
3. This Bill seeks to fulfill the above object.
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