Housing is a fundamental human need. Unfortunately, one-fifth of the world’s population lives in slums. With rapid urbanisation, large-scale migration is taking place from rural to urban areas in search of livelihood opportunities, adding to the internal population growth of the cities. In the absence of inclusive urban planning, this creates shortage of housing, water, sanitation, health, education, social security and livelihood, leading to dismal living conditions for urban poor.
In 2007, a housing shortfall of about 1,50,000 units were estimated in Bhubaneswar and Cuttack region alone by their respective development plans. A recent state wide estimate by the Technical Group on Urban Housing Shortage (2012-17) states that there is a shortfall of about 4,10,000 housing units in Odisha. It is further estimated that approximately 3,60,000 affordable dwelling units would have to be added in the Bhubaneswar – Cuttack region, exclusively, to accommodate the growth during the next ten years in these areas.