Japan is providing ODA (Official Development Assistance) loan to developing countries at low rates of interest and with long repayment period to develop and improve the economic and social infrastructure for sustainable economic development. Overseas Economic Cooperation Operations of Japan are in charge of the major part of ODA loans. So far three (3) Major Projects namely Upper Indravati Left Canal System (RD 15.00 to 52.00 Km.), Upper Kolab irrigation Project (Jeypore canal system RD14.00 to 41.78 Km) & Rengali Left Bank Canal (RD 29.177 to 123.50 km.) have been sanctioned under this scheme. Out of three sanctioned projects, two projects namely Upper Indravati left canal system (RD 15.00 to 52.00 Km) and Upper Kolab (Jeypore canal system RD 14.00 Km to 41.78 Km) have been completed and Irrigation to 60.75 thousand hectare has been provided (Upper Indravati – 43.25 th. ha., Upper Kolab-17.50 th. ha). At present Rengali Left bank Canal in process.
Minor irrigation projects are environment-friendly and they provide gainful employment opportunities to the rural population, resulting in optimum utilization of resources. A large number of small irrigation projects on streams & rivulets can provide irrigation to the lands of tribal beneficiaries. The technology close to the heart of the tribal and the projects are therefore amply suitable for self-management. The Pani Panchayat scheme has aroused widespread enthusiasm. Requests are pouring in to set up new minor flow and lift Irrigation projects and revive the derelict ones. It is, therefore, felt that new emphasis on minor & lift Irrigation projects can be cast in the mould of Pani Panchayats, which will provide increased momentum to the campaign. With the above objectives in view, State Government during 2001 launched a new scheme named as “Biju Krushak Vikash Yojana”.
Inadequacy of public investment has decelerated growth rate of agriculture and rural infrastructure sectors since the 8th Five-Year Plan. There are many infrastructure projects, which have been started but are lying incomplete for want of resources. Even though there is an urgent need of creating adequate employment opportunities in rural areas through development of infrastructure, there had been virtually no institutional arrangements for financing rural infrastructure. Against this background, the Government of India in the Budget of 1995-96 announced the scheme for setting up Rural Infrastructure Development fund (RIDF) to be operationalised by NABARD. This fund has emerged as a popular and effective scheme for financing rural infrastructure projects.
Major & medium irrigation projects are capital-intensive in nature. The State Governments with limited resources find themselves unable to meet desired fund demands of all the projects. Therefore, the project completion gets delayed and a large number of projects in the country have spilled over from one plan to another. Further, funds spent on these projects are locked up and the country is not able to derive the desired benefits. This was a matter of grave concern for the Union Government. Against this background, the Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) was launched by Government of India during 1996-97 to provide financial assistance to State Governments for accelerating the pace of irrigation development in the country.
This Act may be called the Orissa Pani Panchayat Act, 2002.
This Act may be called the Orissa Irrigation Act, 1959.