Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) has started functioning imparting technical education at higher level in Odisha as per a policy decision of Govt. of India. The campus of the institute is under construction at Argul near Bhubaneswar. The Govt. of Odisha have entrusted the work of electrification of the institute and its campus to the Energy Department.
In order to provide ultra-modern facilities with all comfort to tourists and to increase State revenue from tourism industry, Government of Odisha have decided to launch a mega project at Puri by developing infrastructure facilities such as modern hotel, amusement park, etc. in the sea beach at Puri namely, Samuka Beach Project. Since, electricity is a prime requirement of this project in huge scale, the Department of Energy, Govt. of Odisha is entrusted with this task.
In order to ensure “Electricity to all”, the State Govt. have launched a scheme in the year 2007-08 namely, “Biju Gram Jyoti Yojana” to electrify villages/habitation having less than 100 population those are not covered under RGGVY. There was a target for electrification of 10,000 villages/ habitations during the 11th Five Year Plan under the scheme, which have already been achieved. The target for the 12th Plan Period has not been fixed yet.
For providing access to electricity to the people living in unelectrified areas of urban local bodies, the State Government have launched a flagship programme namely, Biju Saharanchala Vidyutikar Yojana (BSVY) during the year 2010-11. Under the scheme, unelectrified villages/yards with population of less than 100 along with BPL household electrification and system improvement are taken up. Three(3) Municipal Corporations, 37 Municipalities and 63 NACs of the State have been covered under the Scheme.
The RGGVY scheme is a flagship programme of Govt. of India for providing electricity facilities to the rural people & people under Below Poverty Line. The scheme is implemented by a Central Government organization i.e. by Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) in whose favour the total fund required for the scheme is released and 90% of the same is provided to Central Public Sector Undertakings viz namely, NTPC, NHPC and PGCIL for execution of the scheme.
Japan is providing ODA (Official Development Assistance) loan to developing countries at low rates of interest and with long repayment period to develop and improve the economic and social infrastructure for sustainable economic development. Overseas Economic Cooperation Operations of Japan are in charge of the major part of ODA loans. So far three (3) Major Projects namely Upper Indravati Left Canal System (RD 15.00 to 52.00 Km.), Upper Kolab irrigation Project (Jeypore canal system RD14.00 to 41.78 Km) & Rengali Left Bank Canal (RD 29.177 to 123.50 km.) have been sanctioned under this scheme. Out of three sanctioned projects, two projects namely Upper Indravati left canal system (RD 15.00 to 52.00 Km) and Upper Kolab (Jeypore canal system RD 14.00 Km to 41.78 Km) have been completed and Irrigation to 60.75 thousand hectare has been provided (Upper Indravati – 43.25 th. ha., Upper Kolab-17.50 th. ha). At present Rengali Left bank Canal in process.
Minor irrigation projects are environment-friendly and they provide gainful employment opportunities to the rural population, resulting in optimum utilization of resources. A large number of small irrigation projects on streams & rivulets can provide irrigation to the lands of tribal beneficiaries. The technology close to the heart of the tribal and the projects are therefore amply suitable for self-management. The Pani Panchayat scheme has aroused widespread enthusiasm. Requests are pouring in to set up new minor flow and lift Irrigation projects and revive the derelict ones. It is, therefore, felt that new emphasis on minor & lift Irrigation projects can be cast in the mould of Pani Panchayats, which will provide increased momentum to the campaign. With the above objectives in view, State Government during 2001 launched a new scheme named as “Biju Krushak Vikash Yojana”.
Inadequacy of public investment has decelerated growth rate of agriculture and rural infrastructure sectors since the 8th Five-Year Plan. There are many infrastructure projects, which have been started but are lying incomplete for want of resources. Even though there is an urgent need of creating adequate employment opportunities in rural areas through development of infrastructure, there had been virtually no institutional arrangements for financing rural infrastructure. Against this background, the Government of India in the Budget of 1995-96 announced the scheme for setting up Rural Infrastructure Development fund (RIDF) to be operationalised by NABARD. This fund has emerged as a popular and effective scheme for financing rural infrastructure projects.